2. Walk Nicely On A Lead Continued...

Exercise 2.7 - Let's Go & Choose To Heel

‘Let’s Go’ walking - great for developing what I think of as casual control while walking out in public and ‘Choose to Heel’ to teach your dog that finding Heel position really pays off!


Let’s Go:


  1. Show the dog some food in the left hand (assuming the dog is on the left), say ‘Let's Go’ and step forward with the dog following your hand slightly in front of you and away from your side. 
  2. Feed a treat every few steps by letting it fall gently through your fingers and praise your dog for walking with you.
  3. Release your dog with an ‘Okay’ when finished. 
  4. Practice often, short sessions both on & off lead and in many different places!


Choose to Heel:


  1. Begin with your dog in a secure enclosed area, anything up to about the size of a tennis court. Alternatively you could have your dog on a long line attached to his harness with the other end secured to a post or tree.
  2. Say nothing, just start to walk.
  3. Your dog may pay no attention to you at first. He may start checking out the surroundings, etc. 
  4. Eventually though he will get curious and wonder what you're doing and come and investigate. 
  5. When he gets close to you and in approximate heel position, stop and quickly give him the treat. Say nothing, no good boy or anything - just give him the treat. Then, turning abruptly begin walking briskly again.  When he reaches heel position again, stop and treat him. Then turn (approx 180 degrees) and begin walking again treating each time he gets into heel position.
  6. Pretty soon he’ll start coming around in front of you, trying to get at your hand. Be sure you do not treat him when he is in this position. Move your hand to your side, and only treat him when he finds heel position. 
  7. Continue working in this fashion until he gets the idea where he is supposed to be to be rewarded.
  8. If he wanders off just keep walking and when he finds you again in heel position click and treat.

Before too long you’ll have trouble shaking him off and that’s when you know he’s ready for some distractions and another environment!



Exercise 2.8 - Building Rhythm & Duration

Circles, Eights, Ovals & Spirals!


Walking shapes with your dog is a really great way to build a nice rhythm and start extending the length of time your dog can walk nicely focused beside you.


Warm up with the Choose To Heel Game (Exercise 2.7) and then start to walk forward with your dog in heel position just a few steps at a time and then as long as your dog is able to stay in position and walk with you vary and gradually increase the number of steps so your dog never knows when you will stop.  


Start off with large circles in a counter clockwise direction first and when that’s easy move to clockwise circles.  The dog has to work a bit harder on the outside of the circle so reward this extra effort to keep him alongside you.


Then you can do Figure 8 shapes, Ovals and Spirals.


These shape patterns really help your dog learn how to keep in position beside you as you walk.  The goal is always for the dog to be focused on following the handler not the other way around! :-)




Exercise 2.9 - Teaching Right About Turn & Change Sides

Imagine you & your puppy are enjoying a wander on a lovely sunny morning…  In the distance, you note someone who appears to be walking four dogs off lead.  The dogs appear to all be running free and they are moving in your direction.  You don’t recognise the person or any of the dogs – is this situation safe for your puppy?


Rather than moving forward into a very uncertain situation (who knows if these dogs would play nicely with a puppy and even if they would just the fact that there are multiple dogs and your puppy is on lead could easily be an overwhelming and frightening experience for your pup) you are going to train your dog to turn 180 degrees and walk the other way with you.  Your turning and moving in the opposite direction will cue your dog to turn and move with you, regardless of which direction you take.


If you practice this exercise to the point of fluency, not only will it do wonders for your loose lead walking, you will also be able to easily choose to avoid situations like this one and be proactive about preventing problems rather than placing yourself and your dog in a crisis situation.  As a result of your efforts, your dog will see a clear path to safety; following your cue to turn and leave.  You will give him the training and leadership necessary to keep him safe in what could have been a dangerous situation and this will not go unnoticed in doggie eyes – your status as head of the family pack and cool, calm person who can be trusted to deal with everything will be greatly enhanced!


Teaching a Right About Turn 


  1. Walk forward with your dog
  2. Pause forward movement with your leg which is nearest the dog extended in front 
  3. With a treat encourage your dog to turn 180 degrees close around your extended leg
  4. When your dog has completed the turn to your right, click and give a treat then turn yourself and continue forwards.
  5. You will want to control your dog’s movement throughout the turning process, encouraging your dog to hug your side throughout the turn.
  6. Practice, practice, practice!

As the behaviour becomes more reliable, you can begin to fade using treats and think about if you want a verbal cue.  Turning of your body is a cue itself, but an additional verbal cue may provide your dog with helpful information and will likely come naturally to you.


As always, initially practice in a distraction free environment.  Your initial goal should be working towards a high rate of reinforcement, where your dog is getting many clicks and treats per minute and is working with you enthusiastically.  Only at that point should you begin introducing low level distractions.


You will need to train this behaviour in many environments and situations.  You want your dog to turn in any direction, at any speed, in any environment.  With practice your dog should be able to perform this behaviour at a variety of paces, from a quick sprint to a walk even a tortoise might find too slow!


Change of Sides Exercise


Anyone who has done some dog agility training will recognise this exercise. In agility it’s known as a front cross, but it’s also a fantastic tool to use during your walks. 


As you're walking along, you ask your dog to "Change!" from one side of you to the other while facing you and without breaking stride.


This is a great tool to use during walks for several reasons.  Firstly, it brings the attention back on you. You're asking your dog to do something interesting, and you're also having the dog face you as he does the turn.  Secondly, you can use it to keep yourself between your dog and possible problems you may encounter without having to pause your walk or even slow down.


You can teach your dog to do this move by starting when you are walking slowly or even at a sit. 


  1. Use treats or a toy to lure your dog to turn towards you as you turn towards your dog.
  2. The goal is for your dog to move from walking on your left side to walking on your right side (or vice versa) smoothly while facing you throughout the turn (the lure works to keep your dog facing you while he changes sides).  
  3. Build up the speed and pretty soon you'll be able to ask for a "Change!" at any time during a walk, another fun way to keep your dog engaged with you and paying attention to your movements.